Identification of altered protein expression in major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder patients using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry
- Psychiatry Research
Emerging high-throughput proteomic technologies have recently been considered as a powerful means of identifying substrates involved in mood disorders. We performed proteomic profiling using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry to identify dysregulated proteins in plasma samples of 42 and 45 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD), respectively, in comparison to 51 healthy controls (HCs). Fourteen and six proteins in MDD and BD patients, respectively, were differentially expressed compared to HCs, among which coagulation factor XIII A chain (F13A1), platelet basic protein (PPBP), platelet facor 4 (PF4), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), and thymosin beta-4 (TMSB4X) were altered in both disorders. For proteins dysregulated in both, except F13A1, higher fold changes were observed in MDD than in BD patients. These findings may help identify candidate biomarkers of mood disorders and elucidate their underlying pathophysiology and biochemical abnormalities.